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Tax planning 2019-20: What to do and when


The tax year 2019-20 ends on 5 April 2020. If you would like to take advantage of any year-end tax planning opportunities, you have just a few weeks left to act.

Making the most of your tax allowances for Pensions, ISAs, CGT, IHT and Income Tax, is a vital part of your financial planning so it’s advisable to talk to your financial advisor as soon as possible to ensure that any actions and/or transactions can be processed before the financial year end.


ISA allowances are £20,000 per individual, thus allowing a couple to invest £40,000 between them.

The allowances for a Junior ISA / Child Trust Fund are £4,260 per child.

Bed and ISA

If you don’t have enough cash available right now to maximise your ISA contributions but do have other investments which are in taxable investment accounts, then it is possible to do a “Bed and ISA”.  The idea is simple: you sell your non-ISA investments and then use the proceeds to buy them back immediately, but this time within your ISA using your annual tax-free allowance, meaning the assets are out of reach of the taxman.

The capital gains tax allowance in 2019-20 is £12,000, up from the £11,700 available in 2018-19. This means that it is possible to generate capital gains of up to £12,000 in this fiscal year which will be exempt from capital gains tax. Fully utilising your CGT Allowance can assist you with building more of your taxable investments into tax efficient investments.

Any investment gains above this amount will be taxable, at either 10% or 20% dependent on your marginal rate of tax.

The only exception is people selling second properties, including buy-to-let investments. Capital gains on these investments will be charged at 18% for basic rate taxpayers, or 28% for higher and additional rate taxpayers.


The Annual Allowance is currently set at £40,000 per tax year, however your contribution cannot exceed 100% of your earnings unless you have unused relief from previous tax years.

There are some circumstances where an individual’s Annual Allowance will have been reduced to as little as £4,000 per tax year, so it is important to seek advice, as there are tax consequences if you exceed your Annual Allowance.

Making a pension contribution is an effective way of retaining some allowances and saving tax.

The lifetime pensions allowance is currently £1,030,000.

Income Tax Planning

The amount you can earn tax-free before you start paying income tax increases from the 2018-19 rate of £11,850 to £12,500.

A basic rate taxpayer will pay 20% on taxable income between £12,501 and £50,000. This means it is possible to earn up to £50,000 before you start paying tax at a rate of 40%.

Where your earnings exceed £100,000, your tax-free personal allowance falls by £1 for every £2 you earn over £100,000. This means if you earn more than £123,700 you will lose your tax-free personal allowance.

Where your earnings exceed £150,000, the additional rate of income tax of 45% is charged on all earnings above £150,000.

Income tax rates in 2019-20 at a glance

  • Income up to £12,500 – 0% income tax. This is your personal tax-free allowance.
  • Income between £12,501 and £50,000 – 20% income tax.
  • Income between £50,001 and £150,000 – 40% income tax.
  • Income above £150,001 – 45% income tax.

Dividend Taxes

The tax-free dividend allowance remains at £2,000, so if you don’t have other income, you’ll be able to earn £14,500 free of income tax when taking into account your personal allowance of £12,500.

All income from further dividends is taxed at 7.5% within the basic rate band of tax, 32.5% within the higher rate, and 38.1% if you are an additional rate taxpayer.

The Personal Savings Allowance

You might be able to reduce your tax bill further if you receive income from savings.

Basic rate taxpayers can still earn £1,000 from savings before they start paying income tax on savings income, higher rate taxpayers will only start paying tax on savings income over £500.

There is no savings allowance for additional rate taxpayers.

Inheritance Tax Planning

Everyone is entitled to a £3,000 annual exemption. It may be possible to carry forward any unused annual exemption from the previous tax year so for somebody who has made no gifts, they can make gifts of £6,000 within their annual exemptions now.




Past performance is not a reliable guide to the future. The value of investments and the income from them can go down as well as up. The value of tax reliefs depend upon individual circumstances and tax rules may change. The FSA does not regulate tax advice. This newsletter is provided strictly for general consideration only and is based on our understanding of law and HM Revenue & Customs practice as at January 2011 and the contents of the 2010 Comprehensive Spending Review.  No action must be taken or refrained from based on its contents alone.  Accordingly, no responsibility can be assumed for any loss occasioned in connection with the content hereof and any such action or inaction. 




Professional advice is necessary for every case; we would love to hear from you…




February 2020